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The IBM PC110 comes with a stripped down version of PC Dos 7 and a PIM called PersonaWare. To receive calls whilst in Dos mode you get a TSR called coSession and also a program to convert sound files (wav <> tvc). There is also a Janpenese Dos only configuration program called PS2. If you buy the optional hard disk, you also get Windows 3.1(J).

Beneath is text from the Marko Schuste faq which is an absolute MUST read when you get your PC 110. All I have done is pretty things up.

In addition, there are now PersonaWare modules that have been converted to English.

What's here?

General usage for non-Japanese reading user

(ESC=cancel/abort, ENTER=ok; F12=save&exit)

Generally I'd say: Just take a bit time and try everything out :) You cannot format your flash, you could only delete some files, so make a backup first :) Ok, serious: After starting personaware (say, after booting the PC110 from the internal flash-disk), use the mouse or cursor buttons to select an application and press Enter. Exit an app. with F12. In the most app. you'll come back at the same page the next time you start it. You can copy&insert text with ctrl-c/v/x (mark with shift-cursor). By pressing F1 you'll get help, of course always in Japanese, but you could see how special keys are assigned in this prg.). On the main screen you can turn on/off the button bar with F12 or pressing the mousebutton in the right bottom corner. The icons are generally easy to understand.

Advanced usage (and features on the main menu screen)

You can change each icon, picture, description from the main screen, you can also add and delete applications or move their position. It's possible to have more appl. installed than you can see on the screen (scroll with cursor or F7/F8). This are some of the keys&features on the main screen:

  • F2: Add a new application. See F4 for the description of the requester.
    You can install every com or exe file which could be found in the PATH, even "win.com" ;-)
  • F3: Delete the selected application.
  • F4: Change the selected application. A requester is popped up where you can enter the following: (C)=Description (shown under the clock), (B)= button-text, (E)="program.exe" executable, (I)=filename of the icon, (P)=filename of the picture. Bottom buttons: Ok, Cancel, Help
  • F5: Move the selected application
  • F7/F8: Scroll up/down if more than 2x8 applications are installed.
  • F10: Secretary, will show the schedules today and in near future and also your biorhythm (!)
  • F11: Tools-Menu: (S)=Settings, first field: what should be done if a RING occures on the internal modem (fax/?/nothing), the second field is called alarm in the documentation and in the third I think you could specify the time the PC110 should wake up.
    (P)=Program settings, (1)/(2) one-click/doubleclick to start prg.
    (X)=Exchange title&button names
    (B)=bubble-help on/off
    Tools-F11 (big field) will exit personaware and turn off the PC110.
  • F12: Turns the button-bar off.
  • Ctrl-Q: Quit personaware
The icons are OS/2-icons, I found no programme for dos/win yet to convert or edit them :-( The pictures are 190x250 16color BMP-files with standard-color map. No problem here to convert and draw your own ones. All pictures&icons are located in \pw\system\ - where also exist some more icons and bmp-files used by the applications. For example, I've created a new background and new button-images and enhanced some other things. In \pw\data\ you'll find all files used by the applications: datafiles (schedule/address/..), .ini-files and so on. You'd like to have a look at some of the .ini-files, but it's most useless...

Description, help and usage for each application (general&advanced)


  • F2: add entry: Description, secret, start time, start date, end time, end date, place, alarm on/off (x minutes before), note
  • F3: abort edit
  • F4: save new entry
  • F8: repeat: P=Period (from date - to date, every X days/weeks/...)
    d=daily, w=weekly (monday, tuesday, ... sunday)
    m=monthly: per day, per .. weekday (? .. japanese ..)
  • F3: delete entry (if you delete a repeated entry, press Y to delete only this and N to delete all (after the first ok/return to delete)
  • F5: search
  • F6: switch to another view. Press d/w/m/h/l to jump "fast" to a view. (day/week/month/year/list)
  • F7: go to ..., opens a small calendar.
  • F8: go to today and now
  • F9: zoom in/out (change font size)
  • F10: switch to to-do-list
  • F11: tools: (F)=file: O=open, S=save(?), D=delete
    (S)=secret area (-> enter password)
    (R)=printer settings (IBM or ESC/P)
    (T)=settings: default entry duration (60/30/15 minutes)
    (E)=don't display time in day-view (if selected)
    (H)=special days which are on the same day every year: A=Add, E=Erase. D=month/day, N=name of the day (holidays) they're marked as "red" but their name isn't listed in any of the views :-(
    (Y)=(It seems you can give names to a period of years here)
  • F12: save&exit to main screen
  • d: day-view
  • w: week-view (left=sunday, right=saturday)
  • m: month-view (left=sunday, right=saturday)
  • h: half-year-view
  • l: list-view
  • enter: change selected entry (look at "F2" for further information)

If you'd view at the DEFAULT.SCD-file, you'd see the format of the file in the first line: date,time,to date,to time,subject,place,alarm,alarm lead time, repeat,repeat,every,start date,end date,note

This means it's only a ","-seperated list, this makes it very easy to convert to/from personaware!

ToDo List

Sorry, as I don't needed this yet, I cannot say anything :) However, from the DEFAULT.TDD-file: date,to date,subject,category,priority, done,done date,note


Not many differences to the "main" operation things, buttons&tools. Should be no problem to check how it works.

DEFAULT.NTD calls its fields: date,time,subject,category,note


  • F2: add entry: name,category,secret,"yomi" (here you HAVE to insert some special japanese letters),birthday,Tel1,Fax1,Zip1,Adress1,office(?), post(?),Tel2,Fax2,Zip2,Address2,station(?),EMail, Note.
  • F3: cancel
  • F4: save
  • F11: o: add picture to this entry (YES! You can add an 150x150 16-color BMP-file to each entry. Nice, eh? :) )
    n: no picture
  • F3: delete entry
  • F5: search
  • F6: change view (list-view/list&entry-view)
  • F7: display only entris with selected category
  • F9: zoom in/out (change font-size)
  • F10: dial selected entry
  • F11: (F)=file (same function as in 'schedule')
    (S)=secret ('')
    (P)=print ('')
    (R)=printer settings ('')
    (O)=which entries should be displayd in the list-view
  • F12: save&exit to main screen
  • Ctrl/Shift-Cursor in list-view: change the size of the selected column
  • enter: view/change selected entry (look at "F2" for further information)

If you'd view at the DEFAULT.ADD-file, you'd see the format of the file in the first line: yomi,name,category,home tel number,home fax number,home zip,home address,birth day,office,station,post,office tel number,office fax number,office zip,office address,email,photo file name,voice file name,note1, note2,note3

This means it's only a ","-seperated list, this makes it very easy to convert to/from personaware! And no, I don't see anything about "voice file" in the application. Maybe on newer versions ;) And no, the birthday isn't included into the schedule automatically, but it's displayd in the "info"-field of the secretary (It's like an adventure to find out and understand everything of this programme ;-) )


This is not a special email-programm, no, it's a terminal programme!

  • F3: hang up
  • F4: connect?
  • F5: capture on/off
  • F6: ? (dial japanese services)
  • F7: download file
  • F8: upload file
  • F9: zoom in/out (change font size)
  • F11: settings: phonebook,userid,password,dial-mode,pre-number,?,?,bit,stopbits, parity,com1/2, transfer protocol (X/Zmodem),path,init-string
p.s.: Either it has no ansi/vt100 or I haven't find a way to activate it ;)


  • F3: abort
  • F4: start
  • F5: view fax (hm.. ?!)
  • F6: normal/"service"-mode ("service" means you call a number and receive a fax)
  • F9: choose an entry to dial from the address/phonebook
  • F10: choose if you'd like the fax to be text-only, text with header picture or text with bottom picture. Then you can edit the text and draw something on the memopad for example.
  • F11: settings: dialmode, pre/out-number (inserted before the number is dialed), com-port, your phone-number (I think), (your phone number again ?) Faxes are sent in fine-mode with a japanese header incl. date/time/pages.


Dials a phone number with the built in modem. If you have problems with one of the default settings, just try another one ;-)

IR Connect

As I have no other device with infrared port, I have no experience with this part yet.

World Clock

First you should get my english "city1s.txt"-file so you can see the name of the cities in english and not in japanese ;-) Should be installed in \pw\data\ - directory. I think you cannot add cities from the worldclock- application, you have to edit this text-file directly with an editor.

  • F2: add selected city. You can see max. 4 cities× simultaneously. The symbol besides the time is daylight-saving-time on/off. You are then asked wether to adjust the clock +1/-1h or not.
  • F3: delete selected city-view/clock. (Doesn't delete the city from the file)
  • F4: use the selected city (from the map) as the city displayd in the selected clock
  • F5: "what's the time in X (Y,...) if its ..:.. in the selected city".
  • F6: move selected city (well, its position in the clock-line)
  • F7: set alarm
  • F8: unzoom & center the map to your home-town.
  • F9: zoom map in/out
  • F11: change time and home town
  • F12: exit


Just a calculator. Really? No, it has more features you might have thought at the first look :) Press F6 to switch through its modes: scientific, measure/ weight/.. and financial.

Scientific mode: you can use "s" as sin and so on, look in the F1-help for the shortcut-keys.

  • F9: display everything in decimal&hex-mode.
measure/weight: you can change the kind of transformation with the button-list on the left. Here's a complete list, the first number is the line-nr of the left button-list and then the bigger buttons in the mid are listed from left to right, top to bottom (you'll see the english in the display):
  • 1: mm, ft, cm, yard, m, mile, km, , inch,
  • 2: m^2, , , , ha, acre,
  • 3: cc, gal(us), l, , m^3, , pint, , quart,
  • 4: g, , kg, , t, , oz, lb
  • 5: degree celsius, farenheit, kelvin
financial mode: too much japanese here. Look at F1 and the documantation for the formulas used here, maybe you could check it out..


First you have to choose the file you want to edit.

  • F2: Open another file
  • F3: Abort
  • F4: Save
  • F5: Search (and replace)
  • F7/F8: Scroll up/down
  • F9: zoom in/out (change font size)
  • Ctrl-F9: switch font (roman/monospaced, roman/proportional, helvetica/proport.)
  • F10: next file (if more than one are opened)
  • F11: Settings: (F)=foreground color, (B)=background color, (T)=font (roman/ mono, roman, helvetica), (S)=size, (W)=wordwrap, (D)=default
  • F12: save&exit
  • Ctrl-L: change header-line (filename with/without path)
  • Ctrl-F: find/replace next
  • Ctrl-B: find/replace previous

Note that this is an ASCII-editor, that means there are no styles or fonts saved.

Draw Memo

Here you can draw on the memopad and with the mouse (hold down left button)

  • F2: new memo
  • F3: delete this memo
  • F4: save this memo
  • F5: erase/draw
  • F6: erase memo
  • F9: switch between draw-mode and thumbnail/index-view
  • F11: settings: path of memos, max. nr. of memos (6-99), small size (150x130)
  • F12: save&exit


Instructions: Clear the table. Remove the tiles by clicking the left mouse button, however you can only remove at least two of the same tiles (above/under/ left/right). The more tiles you can remove at one time (they'll be highlighted when you move the mouspointer to them) the more points you'll get. F1-Help says (n-2)^2. If you remove one tiles-type completely (house/frog/orange/bird/ rose) you'll get bonus points. I cleared the table two times now with about 3100 points each.

  • F5: new game
  • F6: undo move (-10 points)
  • F7: show points for this game and highscore
  • F8: "magic" (-100 points). Place this to a tile where you want a new one and press the mouse button. Maybe it was good, maybe it was bad. I think it's only useful if you've cleared the table except a few ones and want a entry in the highscore. Otherwise the risk&cost is too high...
  • F11: set sound on/off


This is your private area. First you have to define a password. Then you can input your private data: Name, blood (A/B/AB/0), birthday (year-m-d), secret, RH (blood/rhesus, + or -),secret, phone & address1, phone&address2, fax, mobile phone number, EMail

  • F8 scrolls to the next view: insurance card,day of issue,driving license, vailid until,passport,valid until; card name, number, validity, (contact address when lost?)
  • F8 again scrolls to the last view: holiday/memorial day, memo(randum), secret
  • F3: abort
  • F4: save
  • F5: set/change password

The birthday you enter here is used by the secretary (F10 from the main menu) to calculate your biorhythm.


Opens a DOS-Box. It seems that it is not possible to get the alarm of a schedule-entry if you started a dos-programm or exit personaware. Enter "exit" to return to personaware.

Power MGT

Starts the PS2-programme with its user interface. This can only be used within the japanese dos-environment. You can adjust here much more than with the command-line options of PS2. For example you could define here the low/med/ high-power-modes, it seems you could enter lcd&power timeout, and of course you can set everything else you could do from the commandline. I've not checked out yet how to spin-down the harddisk however. The small icon on the F12-key-label looks like it would spin down the HD too, but it seems to do nothing.

End of information from the Marko Schuste faq.

The Software I Use

When in Dos mode, I do either small note taking or play some games. On long journeys, my PC 110 turns itself into a glorified games machine. I do this by running a Spectrum Emulator. The executable for the emulator has been reduced in size using PkLite. The games are stored in snapshot files which are between 20 and 48k in size. This means I can have a wealth of high quality (though somewhat old - mainly from the mid to late 80's) games, with a low disk space penalty. All of this software takes up only 2 meg's of space, leaving 2 meg's for data and anything else I can think of.

Since creating English version of three key PersonWare modules, I now use it extensively. To find out more about these modules, click here.

I did have a Windows 95 installation, whach was pretty much as you would expect. I had deleted many of the system help files to free-up space.

Currently I have a multiple boot setup so I can run Dos/Dos Japanese/Windows 3.1. This is so I can use Personaware and Windows 3.1, get access to the Web and my E-Mail. I am running Microsoft Internet Explorer as my web browser.

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