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apj home > technology > IBM PC110 > Q&A > Marko Schuster FAQ.

Short: This is the IBM Palmtop PC 110 - FAQ version 1.40
Author: Marko Schuster (ns103@fen.baynet.de)
Home: http://home.pages.de/~starli/

IBM Palmtop PC 110 FAQ

version 1.40 - 27. Jun '98

===================
Table of contents
===================

:--- *=new !=changed (since PC110FAQ v1.30 - Aug'97)
1. What is the IBM Palmtop PC 110?
1.1. Short description
1.2. Technical specifications
!
1.3. Pictures and Internet/WWW-Sites with additional information, mailing-lists
!
1.4. Models and prices
!
1.5. Availability (or: Where can I buy it?)
2. Advanced information about the ...
2.1. screen/VGA-Display
2.2. LCD-display
2.3. keyboard and special FN-keystrokes
2.4. pointing-head and mouse-buttons
2.5. keyboard and mouse connector
!
2.6. memopad
2.7. PCMCIA-slot(s)
!
2.8. smart pico-flash slot
2.9. infrared port
2.10. modem
2.11. telephone
2.12. headset-connectors
2.13. soundcard
!
2.14. rechargeable battery (incl. some reports 'how long last ...')
!
2.15. power supply
2.16. port-replicator (docking station), its ports and the floppy-drive
2.17. storage devices
2.18. RAM & upgrade
!
3. The Personaware-software supplied on the internal flash-disk
3.1. General usage for non-Japanese reading users
3.2. Advanced usage (and features on the main menu screen)
3.3. Description, help and usage for each application (general&advanced)
3.3.1. Schedule
3.3.2. ToDo List
3.3.3. Notebook
3.3.4. Address
3.3.5. E-Mail
3.3.6. FAX
3.3.7. Telephone
3.3.8. IR Connect
3.3.9. World Clock
3.3.10. Calculator
3.3.11. Editor
3.3.12. Draw Memo
3.3.13. Game
3.3.14. Personal
3.3.15. DOS
!
3.3.16. Power MGT
4. Other software supplied on disks and/or harddisk (YDW-Model)
4.1. The English/Japanese IBM DOS J7.0/V
4.2. CoSession (host-programme)
4.3. tvcc (converts wav<>tvc for voice-features of the internal modem)
!
4.4. PS2 (configures the PC110)
4.5. The Japanese Windows 3.1J
4.6. TranXit (IR-Software for Windows)
4.7. EasyFax-Lite (Fax-Software for Windows)
4.8. Other small programmes (inkdrv, lrgptr, ..)
4.9. driver (PCMCIA/..., used in config.sys or windows)
5. HowTo ...
5.1. install an other (english/national) DOS-Version
5.2. install windows 3.1 (english/national)
5.3. install windows 95 (english/national)
5.4. install linux (english/national)
5.5. install other operating systems
5.6. install the new version (v1.01) of the Personaware software
5.7. change / remove the password
*
5.8. upgrade the internal modem
6. Questions and Answers (Feel free to mail me your questions and/or answers)
6.1. Can I run Personaware from an english/national (MS) DOS?
!
6.2. How do I get into the BIOS-Setup?
6.3. SCSI on the PC110 with PCMCIA?
!
6.4. What about TV/Video capture with PCMCIA? (Nogatech PCMCIA-cards)
!*
6.5. Several problems, questions and answers to an installation of Win95
6.6. Some notes for using a PCMCIA-HD together with another PCMCIA-card and a TypeII-III-Adaptor.
6.7. I have problems with PCMCIA-Flash-Cards. What to do?
*
6.8. What do the error codes mean after booting?
7. About this FAQ
!
7.1. History
!
7.2. Thanks to ..
!
7.3. How to contact the author


1. What is the IBM Palmtop PC 110?

1.1. Short description

The PC110 is the smallest "notebook" and most powerful high-end Palmtop available at the moment. It has about the size of a VHS-video cassette (about 1/6 smaller in width). At this small size you have the power of a 486 CPU with a color screen, internal voice-fax-modem, telephone, soundcard, mouse and the expandability through PCMCIA-II/III ports and a small docking station.

1.2. Technical specifications

CPU:
i486sx33 (SL Enhanced)
RAM:
4 MB (low-end model YD0), 8 MB (mid/high-end model YD1/YDW), 12 and 20 MB with 3d-party memory-upgrades, and maybe even more
Internal Flash:
4 MB (incl. DOS/V 7.0 and Personaware-OrganiserSoftware)
VideoCard:
Chips&Technologies 65535 SVGA, 512k RAM; ROM incl. Japanese fonts
Display:
4.7", STN, 256 Colors, 640x480, backlight
Keyboard:
90 keys, English/Japanese layout
Slots:
SmartPicoFlash
2xPCMCIA-II (can be used as 1xPCMCIA-III)
Modem:
WingJack; FAX Class2/2.0 9600bps, DATA 2400/MNP5, VOICE (no standard)
Telephone:
Speaker/Microphone on the front, 2 connectors for headset (2.5mm)
Soundcard:
Soundblaster compatible (8bit Mono) incl. microphone
Mouse:
PointingHead (trackpoint-like) with 2x2 buttons (left&right)
PenInput:
MemoPad, only useable in Personaware software or with special drivers
Other:
LCD-display for battery charge, time display, ...
Infrared Port, keyboard/mouse connector
PowerSupply:
AC 100V (50/60hz) -> DC 10.5V/1.3A/13.7W
Size:
158x113x33mm
Weight:
630g (incl. battery),
715g (incl. batt. & HD)
DockingStation:
VGA-, Serial-, Parallel-, PS/2-Keyboard-, PS/2-Mouse-Port, Floppy-connector (incl. in YDW-model)
HardDiskDrive:
260 MB PCMCIA-III (incl. in YDW-model)
FloppyDiskDrive:
3.5" 1.44/1.2M/720k (incl. in YDW-model)

1.3. Pictures and Internet/WWW-Sites with additional information

Hint: In Japan, the PC110 often is called "PT110", so if you want to search the WWW with Lycos or Alta-Vista or anything else, look for "PC110" and "PT100" ..

1.4. Models and prices

The PC110 only was produced 1995 and 1996 in Japan. Some Japanese retailers still seem to have some PC110s left on stock. In the meantime, many PC110 users sell their PC110s, maybe because of upgrading to the Toshiba Libretto - which is bigger, but much more powerful than the PC110.

IBM Japan has only sold the 4MB and 8MB version, but there exist 3d-party-memory- upgrades with up to 20MB .. check out section 2.18 how to upgrade memory..

Sorry, I have no actual prices, so ask the suppliers!

1.5. Availability (or: Where can I buy it?)

Non-japanese may buy a PC110 from this location:

T-Zone: http://vtzone.ado.co.jp/home.htm
(I bought my RAM-upgrade there)

Global Support:
(I bought my PC110 there)
Fax: +81-3-3355-5496.
EMail: gssito@kt.rim.or.jp

Pocket Computers:
WWW: http://www.pocketcomputers.com/ EMail: http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Peaks/1559/Shane@pocketcomp.com


2. Advanced information about the ...

2.1. screen/VGA-Display

The internal display has 640x480 pixels. The VGA-Card can display max. 256 colors. If you connect a VGA-Monitor to the vga-port of the docking station, you can also obtain 800x600x16 under dos&win.
As it has 512k of RAM, it should be possible to display 800x600 with 256 colors. No problem to do so with linux, but I don't know how it is possible with dos/win. Universal VESA-drivers' 800x600x256 won't work. The built-in vesa-driver (no need to load one) has only 2 entries: 640x480x256 and 800x600x16. You can also use the standard vga-modes of course.

Use "ps2 vexpansion on" (or FN-V) to enable the vertical screen expansion, this means that you'll get e.g. the 320x200 fullscreen (320x240), it works with DOS-text-modes also. There seems to be no special software for the VGA-Card to be able to use 800x600x256 on an external monitor or to have more than 60Hz on a multiscan-monitor.

You can adjust contrast and brightness of the internal display. Whereas the brightness only has 3 steps, the contrast is very good to adjust (wide range from totally black to totally white). However I found that if you make the contrast high enough to display the dark colours correctly in an image, the light grey borders in Personaware's buttons are too white then.
Once I installed a graphic software under windows, I found out that the display has a gamma of 1.6. Maybe I had the contrast too high.

It is a very small (4.7"!) display, if you look the whole day on it you'll get problems with your eyes :) And if you're used to it after some days, don't look at 10.5" 640x480 LCDisplays :) It's a real good display (good contrast/colors/..). A color-dot/pixel has about the size of 0.148mm.
If you compare the size and the display with a 14"-monitor, you would have to use a 1600x1200 screenmode to see how small characters on the PC110 display are. ;-)

2.2. LCD-display

The PC110 also has a small LCD-Display with 4 chars and some symbols which indicate numlock, scrollock and capslock. It shows the clock if the power is off, or shows clock&battery charge if it's in suspended mode. "AC" shows that the external power is connected and a "<" indicates that the battery is recharged.
"IBM" is shown if you power on the PC110, "HI/M/LO" shows the power consumption (this is adjustable with FN-F11 when no power supply connected.)
You can define LCD&Power timeout and CPU power (33/16/8MHz) for each mode with the PS2-programme (this feature however is only available in its userinterface-mode, which only works under an Japanese DOS-environment. The charge of battery is displayd with 0%,5%,10%,20%,30%,.....,90%,100% if the machine is in suspend-mode. (FN-F4 or closed)
With FN-B, you can change what it is displayed, time only, battery only, or both.

2.3. keyboard

Well, imagine the size and you'll know that this is not the keyboard you want to type whole day&night on it :) However, it is indeed possible to do so. No more words to say as this is very subjective. How large are your fingers? Etc.

It has 90 keys incl. 1xFN, 2xCTRL, 2xALT, 2xSHIFT and the whole other needed keys. PageUP/PageDOWN/Home/End are in the first row above the backspace key. (Well, I like the FN-cursor on some notebooks more). There also exist special Japanese keys. If you load a national keymap ("keyb gr" for example) some of these keys are remapped, others are useless. Maybe you could define it with some tools. If someone has such a utility and it works, please let me know, because one key from the german keyboard is not remapped and 2 japanese keys are undefined (+ 3 keys which seem to be alt-styled).

You can turn on/off the key-click with "ps2 click on/off"

There are some special (secret) FN-keys which are not described in the manual:
FN+V = toggles vertical expansion of the screen on/off (PS2 vexpansion on/off)
FN+M = toggles speaker on/off
FN+B = toggles LCD-Status. Look at the number displayed in the LCD, it means:
0 = show battery status if on, batt.&time if off (="ps2 _@stat auto")
1 = always show the time (="ps2 _@stat time")
2 = always show battery status (="ps2 _@stat batt")
3 = always toggle between battery status and time

Anyone knows other keys? (For example to turn the backlight off?)

2.4. pointing-head and mouse-buttons

The pointing-head (not 100% the same as the thinkpad trackpoints) is on the left above the keyboard. Two of the mouse-buttons are also here, but on the right side there are also the two mouse-buttons. "left/right" is same on both sides, the left are not remapped for the left hand. This is really a nice idea, as you can either use the mouse and buttons with only the left hand, or move the mouse with the left hand and use the right hand to press the buttons. Of course it's faster to use windows with a real mouse, however I think it is better and faster as a trackpad. My opinion!

2.5. keyboard and mouse connector

There is a small special keyboard/mouse-connector on the back of the PC110. You need a special cable however, then you'll have a PS/2 keyboard/mouse connector. With a PS/2-Y-Adaptor you can then have a keyboard and a mouse attached at the same time without having to use the docking station.

2.6. memopad

Between the two mouse-buttons on the left and the two on the right there is the memopad. Here you can draw and write. However this will only work in Personaware's "draw memo"-application of Personaware. As the digitizer is pretty slow, you cannot write your signature fast. And of course you cannot see where you draw. A trackpad may have been better to include here. The only real usage in my opinion is to write your signature, 'cause you can use the drawmemos with the internal fax-software. However I would prefer a real pen-organizer to draw "memos" (Even the small Casio NX-4000 has a faster digitizer) :-)

Robin O'Leary has written a driver for Linux to use the memopad without Personaware. Check out his source if you want to port it to another OS ;-). http://swan.ml.org/pc110/ or check http://toy.cabi.net/drivers.html

Also, a Win3.1 and Win95 driver was written by Rex K. Perkins, it is possible to use the memopad as a mouse (relative movements) as well as a pad (absolute movements). It can be found on his homepage: http://www.pobox.com/~rexkp

2.7. PCMCIA-slot(s)

On the left side under the keyboard there are two PCMCIA-II-slots which can be used as one PCMCIA-III slot. If you've bought the YDW-model, you'll find the HD here. Of course you cannot use the PCMCIA-III-HD together with, say, a PCMCIA-CDROM or -Modem. Although IBM Japan says they give no warranty for compatibility with non-japanese PCMCIA-cards, I don't think there will be any problems. I tried my Zenith Z-Player CDROM, works fine. The PCMCIA-Port is bootable, if a HD is attached, the PC110 remaps the drives (C: = HD, D:= internal flash) and boots off that one. For sysinfo-programmes, this simply is an IDE-controller then. There's no need to load any PCMCIA-drivers. With this feature you could have for example two PCMCIA-HDs, one with Dos&Windows and another one with Linux. You can define the boot-drive(s) in the BIOS-Setup. Default is Floppy->HDD->Flash.

2.8. smart pico-flash slot

On the other side under the keyboard is the smart-pico-flash-slot. There exist 4MB, 10MB, 15MB ones, nowadays upto 30 MB and more I think. Some of the new digital cameras uses these cards, too.

2.9. infrared port

Should be a standard IRDA, I use it successfully with the HP48G and the Nokia 9000 Communicator. However: It is not possible, to use the infrared port together with the RS232C - in the bios-setup you CAN setup which port# to use for infrared, modem, RS232, but you cannot use the IR as #1 and the RS232 as #2 for example :( Also I don't know if it's possible to control your TV...

2.10. modem

Well, the internal modem seems to be one of the worst they could include ;-) Ok, if you look at the PC110 you cannot imagine that they found enough space for a modem at all. FAX is class2/2.0 with max. 9600 BPS. This is ok. DATA however is 2400/MNP5 max. No V42bis, no >2400. However, it has a voice-feature! I don't know if this works with existing versions of voice-mailbox-software, I haven't found any on one of my CDs. There is a small utility on one of the PC110-disks called "tvcc" which converts .tvc to .wav - whereas tvc is the format the modem sends and receives voice. I don't know if it is possible to answer a call in voice/fax mode, I tried it once and it did not work, but I don't know each AT-command. There are only a few AT-commands available. For example, there is neither an ATL to set the volume nor an AT&W to save your settings. In the PC110-manual only a few AT-commands are listed, the AT-commands for the voice-mode are listed in a (japanese) textfile supplied with the "tvcc"-utility. I partly translated this text, but its too long to add it in the FAQ, if you want to have it, get it: pc110voi.txt. Please write me if you 've written or configured a Voice-Mailbox-Software to work with this modem. As it uses "AT+V..."-commands, it's not rockwell-, but also not ZyXel-compatible ... :-(

Addendum '98: A modem-upgrade now exists, but it is said to be a bit difficult to do it on your own: 5.8. How to upgrade the internal modem.

2.11. telephone

With the modem connected to the phone line, you are also able to use the PC110 as a telephone. On the front you have a speaker on the left and a microphone on the right. The microphone is also a switch to go on/off hook. You can answer a call with the PC110 off, but you cannot dial then (this can be either done with Personaware or an ATD-command sent to the modem). The phone-ring can be turned on/off with a switch on the right above the smart-pico-flash-slot.

2.12. headset-connectors

There exist two headset-connectors (mic/speaker-combo), one on the front next to the mic, and the other one on the back. The front connector seems only to control the phone line, the back connector uses the soundcard _and_ the PC-Speaker! So it is up to you what you will connect here ;-). The "input" here is microphone and not "line", if you want to record in windows (or whereever), be sure to select "microphone" and not "line" as input. The real micro in the front and the speaker will be disabled when you plug something in here..

2.13. soundcard

It's a soundblaster-compatible soundcard, 8bit mono. The default-settings are IRQ 5, adr. 220h, I think. You can change this with the PS2-programme. The sound comes out off the right speaker which is located on the battery-cover. You can adjust the volume with FN-PgUp/PgDn in 8 steps. I suggest to lower the volume before using the modem as this is very loud compared to system- beeps for example.

2.14. rechargeable battery (incl. some reports 'how long last ...')

The battery is 7.2V, 1200mAh. You can use also a Sony NP-520 which has 1350mAh. It is said they last about 1.5-3h without HD and 1-1.5h with HD.
My experience (20 MB RAM, standard battery): ~1.5h without HD, CPU=mid; <1h with HD/Win95, CPU=low. Though the Sony NP-520 has more mAh, I am not satisfied with it at all: It's a bit bigger, making it a bit more complicated to get it out of the PC110, and does not last as long as the standard battery.
The LCD displays the status of the battery (0%...100%, re/discharge)
When the PC110 is turned on, the battery will not be charged unless you use a small utility called "ultrachg" (not included). (However, the charging then takes MUCH more time!). Otherwise, the PC110 has to be in suspend-mode (FN-F4 or closed) for charging. Also no recharge when the PC110 is turned off!!
Addendum '98: In the meantime, there exist some more batteries:
The Hitachi VM-BPL 13, 1350mAh, one user reported about 2h with PCMCIA HD,
and the Sony NP-F550, 1500mAh.

2.15. power supply

The AC power supply is 100V, 50/60Hz. Various people use it in the US with 110/115V without problems so far. In Europe however, where you have 220/230V, it is impossible to use this without an adaptor. As I have not found any such converter, I use a 9V/1.3A power supply. Officially the PC110 needs 10.5V/1.3A, but 9V/1.3A works fine. My MiniDisc-Walkman's power supply does not work, but the car-adaptor of this walkman does!!)

(*German on*: Ich benutze den "Mainy 9V/1.3A", den's z.B. beim Conrad gibt und von Egston aus Oesterreich hergestellt wird. Er ist sehr handlich, wird kaum warm und funktioniert problemlos. Natuerlich hat der Stecker nicht gepasst, da musste der originale 'ran. Wenn man die kleine "Egston-Abdeckung" wegmacht, findet sich ein Potentiometer, eine knappe viertel Drehung nach rechts (Aus der Sicht, daß der Stecker links liegt) bewirkt eine Steigerung auf 10.5V. (Thanks to Joerg) *German off*)

2.16. port-replicator (docking station), its ports and the floppy-drive

I would call it "docking station", IBM Japan calls it "port replicator". (I think because of its small size and the possibility to use it without external power from the PC110 battery). Its size is about the same of the PC110 and it is stuck under it, that means the "unit" is then twice as thick. You'll get standard serial, parallel, VGA- ports on the back and PS/2 keyboard, mouse and power on the left. On the right is the floppy-drive connecter, (Floppy-drive is also supplied with the YDW-model). The station is very light-weighted (~380g) and you can use it without external power from the PC110 battery. Some words about the ports:
serial:
9pin, fifo. can be used as COM1 or COM2, however you have to define in the BIOS wether to use COM1/COM2 as internal modem, IR, serial or PCMCIA. So no COM3/4 !!
parallel:
uni- and bidirectional. No EPP. Iomega ZIP-drive gets about 95k/s write and 110k/s read.
mouse:
it is impossible to use mouse and pointing head together. A serial mouse with a ser<>ps/2 adaptor won't work, you need a special PS/2-mouse.
keyboard:
when a keyboard is connected, the internal keyboard is switched off. You can use "ps2 _@keyboard device both" to use both keyboards, but be sure to turn it to "auto" if there's no external keyboard connected!!

2.17. storage devices

In every PC110 there's an internal 4 MB flash disk. If you don't want to use a HD or you want to have both PCMCIA-slots free, you could buy smart pico flash disks which are about half the size of a PCMCIA-card. There is one slot for such a card, which are available in 4, 10 and 15 MB at the moment. Of course you could also buy PCMCIA-II flash cards. And of course you can use a PCMCIA-III harddisk, with a 260 MB HD being supplied with the YDW model. The PC110 has support for a PCMCIA-III HD already built-in, that means if a HD is found in the PCMCIA-slot you can boot off it, this drive is C: and the internal flash D: then, you don't have to load any PCMCIA-drivers.

Sysinfo-programmes report it as an IDE-controller and -drive. On the internal flash there's the Personaware software and a very small PC-Dos/V7.0J. There are about 450k free. To have more free space, you could delete the japanese dictionary file and install stacker on it. I got about 3 MB "fake" free space then. Also no problem to use stacker on the PCMCIA-HD of course.

2.18. RAM & upgrade

There exist 3d-party 8 and 16 MB RAM upgrades, to get a total of 12 and 20 MB of RAM. If you have a 8MB-model, you'll already have a 4 MB card in. To upgrade the memory, you have to open the PC110 from the bottom, but this is not difficult. After you've opened the case you'll see a small card (or free slot) on the right. This is the RAM-card (or the place for it). (Well, you may lose your warranty, you know ..) Now you can exchange the 4 MB card with a 8 MB card to have 12 MB RAM. If you have more than 8 MB, you seem to need a small bios-upgrade, otherwise you have problems with the 256-color-VGA-drivers for Win/Win95 .. (Be sure to ask for the Bios-Upgrade-Disk when ordering a RAM-Upgrade!!)

3. The Personaware-software supplied on the internal flash-disk

General keyboard usage as usual (ESC=cancel/abort, ENTER=ok; F12=save&exit)

NOTE: Seamus Waldron has written an english version of Personaware, as well as a Win95-Personaware-Software. You may find it here: http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~seamus-waldron/pc110/pt_down.htm#pw

3.1. General usage for non-Japanese reading users

Generally I'd say: Just take a bit time and try everything out :) You cannot format your flash, you could only delete some files, so make a backup first :) Ok, serious: After starting Personaware (say, after booting the PC110 from the internal flash-disk), use the mouse or cursor buttons to select an application and press Enter. Exit an app. with F12. In the most app. you'll come back to the same page the next time you start it. You can copy&insert text with ctrl-c/v/x (mark with shift-cursor). By pressing F1 you'll get help, of course always in Japanese, but you could see how special keys are assigned in this prg.). On the main screen you can turn on/off the button bar with F12 or by pressing the mousebutton in the right bottom corner. The icons are generally easy to understand.

3.2. Advanced usage (and features on the main menu screen)

You can change each icon, picture, description from the main screen, you can also add and delete applications or move their position. It's possible to have more appl. installed than you can see on the screen (scroll with cursor or F7/F8). This are some of the keys&features on the main screen:
F2
Add a new application. See F4 for the description of the requester. You can install every com or exe file which could be found in the PATH, even "win.com" ;-)
F3
Delete the selected application.
F4
Change the selected application. A requester is popped up where you can enter the following:
(C)=Description (shown under the clock),
(B)= button-text,
(E)="program.exe" executable,
(I)=filename of the icon,
(P)=filename of the picture.
Bottom buttons: Ok, Cancel, Help
F5
Move the selected application
F7/F8
Scroll up/down if more than 2x8 applications are installed.
F10
Secretary, will show the schedules today and in near future and also your biorhythm (!)
F11
Tools-Menu:
(S)=Settings, first field: what should be done if a RING occures on the internal modem (fax/?/nothing), the second field is called alarm in the documentation and in the third I think you can specify the time the PC110 should wake up.
(P)=Program settings,
(1)/(2) one-click/doubleclick to start prg.
(X)=Exchange title&button names
(B)=bubble-help on/off
Tools-F11 (big field) will exit Personaware and turn off the PC110.
F12
Turns the button-bar off.
Ctrl-Q
Quit Personaware
The icons are OS/2-icons, I found no programme for dos/win yet to convert or edit them.
The pictures are 190x250 16color BMP-files with standard-color map. No problem here to convert and draw your own ones.

All pictures&icons are located in \pw\system\ - where also exist some more icons and bmp-files used by the applications. For example, I've created a new background and new button-images and enhanced some other things. In \pw\data\ you'll find all files used by the applications: datafiles (schedule/address/..), .ini-files and so on. You may want to have a look at some of the .ini-files, but it's most useless...

3.3. Description, help and usage for each application (general&advanced)

3.3.1. Schedule

F2
add entry: Description, secret, start time, start date, end time, end date, place, alarm on/off (x minutes before), note
F3
abort edit
F4
save new entry
F8
repeat: P=Period (from date - to date, every X days/weeks/...)
d=daily, w=weekly (monday, tuesday, ... sunday)
m=monthly: per day, per .. weekday (? .. japanese ..)
y=yearly
F3
delete entry (if you delete a repeated entry, press Y to delete only this and N to delete all (after the first ok/return to delete)
F5
search
F6
switch to another view. Press d/w/m/y/l to jump "fast" to a view. (day/week/month/year/list)
F7
go to ..d., opens a small calendar.
F8
go to today and now
F9
zoom in/out (change font size)
F10
switch to to-do-list
F11
tools: (F)=file: O=open, S=save(?), D=delete
(S)=secret area (-> enter password)
(P)=print
(R)=printer settings (IBM or ESC/P)
(T)=settings: default entry duration (60/30/15 minutes), (E)=don't display time in day-view (if selected)
(H)=special days which are on the same day every year: A=Add, E=Erase. D=month/day, N=name of the day (holidays) they're marked as "red" but their names aren't listed in any of the views :-(
(Y)=(It seems you can give names to periods of years here)
F12
save&exit to main screen
d
day-view
w
week-view (left=sunday, right=saturday)
m
month-view (left=sunday, right=saturday)
h
half-year-view
l
list-view
enter
change selected entry (look at "F2" for further information)
If you look at the DEFAULT.SCD-file, you'll see the format of the file in the first line: date,time,to date,to time,subject,place,alarm,alarm lead time, repeat,repeat,every,start date,end date,note
This means it's only a comma-separated list, which makes it very easy to convert to/from Personaware!

3.3.2. ToDo List

Sorry, as I didn't need this yet, I cannot say anything :) However, from the DEFAULT.TDD-file: date,to date,subject,category,priority, done,done date,note

3.3.3. Notebook

Not many differences to the "main" operation things, buttons&tools. Should be no problem to check how it works. DEFAULT.NTD calls its fields: date,time,subject,category,note

3.3.4. Address

F2
add entry: name,category,secret,"yomi" (here you HAVE to insert some special japanese letters),birthday,Tel1,Fax1,Zip1,Adress1,office(?), post(?),Tel2,Fax2,Zip2,Address2,station(?),EMail, Note.
F3: cancel
F4: save
F11: o: add picture to this entry (YES! You can add an 150x150 16-color BMP-file to each entry. Nice, eh? :) )
n: no picture
F3
delete entry
F5
search
F6
change view (list-view/list&entry-view)
F7
display only entries with selected category
F9
zoom in/out (change font-size)
F10
dial selected entry
F11
(F)=file (same function as in 'schedule')
(S)=secret ('')
(P)=print ('')
(R)=printer settings ('')
(O)=which entries should be displayd in the list-view
F12
save&exit to main screen
Ctrl/Shift-Cursor in list-view
change the size of the selected column
enter
view/change selected entry (look at "F2" for further information)
If you take a look at the DEFAULT.ADD-file, you see the format of the file in the first line: yomi,name,category,home tel number,home fax number,home zip,home address,birth day,office,station,post,office tel number,office fax number,office zip,office address,email,photo file name,voice file name,note1, note2,note3
This means it's again only a ","-separated list, this makes it very easy to convert to/from Personaware! And no, I don't see anything about "voice file" in the application. Maybe on newer versions ;)
And no again, the birthday isn't included into the schedule automatically, but it's displayd in the "info"-field of the secretary (It's like an adventure to find out and understand everything of this programme ;-) )

3.3.5. E-Mail

This is not a special email-programme, no, it's a terminal programme!
F3
hang up
F4
connect?
F5
capture on/off
F6
? (dial japanese services)
F7
download file
F8
upload file
F9
zoom in/out (change font size)
F11
settings: phonebook,userid,password,dial-mode,pre-number,?,?,bit,stopbits, parity,com1/2, transfer protocol (X/Zmodem),path,init-string
p.s.: Either there is no ansi/vt100 or I haven't found a way to activate it ;)

3.3.6. FAX

F3
abort
F4
start
F5
view fax (hm.. ?!)
F6
normal/"service"-mode ("service" means you call a number and receive a fax)
F9
choose an entry to dial from the address/phonebook
F10
choose if you'd like the fax to be text-only, text with header picture or text with bottom picture. Then you can edit the text and draw something on the memopad for example.
F11
settings: dialmode, pre/out-number (inserted before the number is dialed), com-port, your phone-number (I think), (your phone number again ?)
Faxes are sent in fine-mode with a japanese header incl. date/time/pages.

3.3.7. Telephone

Dials a phone number with the built in modem. If you have problems with one of the default settings, just try another one ;-)

3.3.8. IR Connect

As I have no other notebook with infrared port, I have no experience with this part yet.

3.3.9. World Clock

First you should get my english "city1s.txt"-file:cityeng.lha so you can see the name of the cities in english and not in japanese ;-) Should be installed in \pw\data\ - directory. I think you cannot add cities in the worldclock- application, you have to edit this text-file directly with an editor.
F2
add selected city. You can see max. 4 cities & times simultaneously. The symbol next to the time is daylight-saving-time on/off. You are then asked wether to adjust the clock +1/-1h or not.
F3
delete selected city-view/clock. (Doesn't delete the city from the file)
F4
use the selected city (from the map) as the city displayed in the selected clock
F5
"what's the time in X (Y,...) if its ..:.. in the selected city".
F6
move selected city (well, its position in the clock-line)
F7
set alarm
F8
unzoom & center the map to your home-town.
F9
zoom map in/out
F11
change time and home town
F12
exit

3.3.10. Calculator

Just a calculator. Really? No, it has more features than you might have thought at the first look :) Press F6 to switch through its modes: scientific, measure/ weight/.. and financial.
Scientific mode: you can use "s" as sin and so on, look in the F1-help for the shortcut-keys.
F9: display everything in decimal&hex-mode.

measure/weight: you can change the kind of transformation with the button-list on the left. Here's a complete list, the first number is the line-nr of the left button-list and then the bigger buttons in the mid are listed from left to right, top to bottom (you'll see the english in the display):
1: mm, ft, cm, yard, m, mile, km, (japanese), inch, (japanese)
2: m^2, (japanese), (japanese), (japanese), ha, acre, (japanese)
3: cc, gal(us), l, (japanese), m^3, (japanese), pint, (jap.), quart, (jap.)
4: g, (japanese), kg, (japanese), t, (japanese), oz, lb
5: degree celsius, fahrenheit, kelvin

financial mode: too much japanese here. Look at F1 and the documantation for the formulas used here, maybe you can check it out yourself..

3.3.11. Editor

First you have to choose the file you want to edit.
F2
Open another file
F3
Abort
F4
Save
F5
Search (and replace)
F7/F8
Scroll up/down
F9
zoom in/out (change font size)
Ctrl-F9
switch font (roman/monospaced, roman/proportional, helvetica/proport.)
F10
next file (if more than one are opened)
F11
Settings: (F)=foreground color, (B)=background color, (T)=font (roman/ mono, roman, helvetica), (S)=size, (W)=wordwrap, (D)=default
F12
save&exit
Ctrl-L
change header-line (filename with/without path)
Ctrl-F
find/replace next
Ctrl-B
find/replace previous
Note that this is an ASCII-editor, that means there are no styles or fonts saved.

3.3.12. Draw Memo

Here you can draw on the memopad and with the mouse (hold down left button)
F2
new memo
F3
delete this memo
F4
save this memo
F5
erase/draw
F6
erase memo
F9
switch between draw-mode and thumbnail/index-view
F11
settings: path of memos, max. nr. of memos (6-99), small size (150x130)
F12
save&exit

3.3.13. Game

Instructions: Clear the table. Remove the tiles by clicking the left mouse button, however you can only remove at least two of the same tiles (above/under/ left/right). The more tiles you can remove at one time (they'll be highlighted when you move the mouspointer over them) the more points you'll get. F1-Help says (n-2)^2. If you remove one tile-type completely (house/frog/orange/bird/ rose) you'll get bonus points. I cleared the table two times now with about 3100 points each.
F5
new game
F6
undo move (-10 points)
F7
show points for this game and highscore
F8
"magic" (-100 points). Place this to a tile where you want a new one and press the mouse button. Maybe it was good, maybe it was bad. I think it's only useful if you've cleared the table except a few ones and want a entry in the highscore. Otherwise the risk&cost is too high...
F11
set sound on/off

3.3.14. Personal

This is your private area. First you have to define a password. Then you can input your private data: Name, bloodgroup (A/B/AB/0), birthday (year-m-d), secret, RH (blood/rhesus, + or -),secret, phone & address1, phone & address2, fax, mobile phone number, EMail
F8
scrolls to the next view: insurance card number, day of issue, drivers' license number, valid until, passport number,valid until; card name, number, validity, (contact address when lost?)
F8
again scrolls to the last view: holiday/memorial day, memo(randum), secret
F3
abort
F4
save
F5
set/change password
The birthday you enter here is used by the secretary (F10 from the main menu) to calculate your biorhythm.

3.3.15. DOS

Opens a DOS-Box. It seems that it is not possible to hear the alarm of a schedule-entry if you started a dos-programm or exit Personaware. Enter "exit" to return to Personaware.

3.3.16. Power MGT

Starts the PS2-programme with its user interface. This can only be used within the japanese dos-environment. Here you can adjust much more than with the command-line options of PS2. For example you can define the low/med/ high-power-modes, it seems you can enter LCD & power timeout, and of course you can set everything else you could do from the commandline. I've not checked out yet how to spin-down the harddisk however. The small icon on the F12-key-label looks like it would spin down the HD too, but it seems to do nothing. In fact, on the "bigger" Thinkpads it will suspend the laptop into a harddisk-partition.

A translation for the Japanese PS/2-screen-layout, posted by shane@pocketcomp.com to the PC110-mailing list:

MAIN MENU

1. POWER SETTING

		Power Management
		[ ] High		[ ] Med		[ ] Low		[ ] A/C

			F5 MENU
			Suspend Time     [30]
			Display Timeout   [17]

			CPU SPEED
			[ ] High	[ ] Med	[ ] Low

			F8 MENU

			Unknown

			Wake Times?

2. DISPLAY SETTING

		Display Selection
		[ ] LCD	[ ] CRT

		Vertical Expansion
		[ ] Vertical Expansion  X=ON


3. SYSTEM SETTING

		Audio IRQ
		IRQ
		[ ] IRQ5	[ ] IRQ10 	[ ] Disable
		DMA
		[ ] DMA1 [ ] DMA3
		I/O
		[ ] 0220h

		Touch Pad
		IRQ
		[ ] IRQ5	[ ] IRQ10	[ ] Disable
		I/O
		[ ] 15E0h	[ ] 25E0h	[ ] 35E0h


4. COM PORT SETTING

		IR PORT
		[ ] COM1	[ ] COM2	[ ] Disabled
		
		SERIAL PORT
		[ ] COM1	[ ] COM2	[ ] Disabled

		INTERNAL MODEM
		[ ] COM1	[ ] COM2	[ ] Disabled

		PCMCIA
		[ ] COM1	[ ] COM2	[ ] Disabled


ENTER=SAVE		F1=HELP	F3=EXIT	SPACE=SELECT

4. Other software supplied on disks and/or harddisk (YDW-Model)

4.1. The English/Japanese IBM DOS J7.0/V

You can use the supplied DOS in english mode without problems. Even in japanese mode the commands are still in english. Some supplied programmes may only work in japanese mode however.

4.2. CoSession (host-programme)

This is one of the programs which works only in japanese DOS-mode ;-). It's a TSR to receive data calls, I don't know if it also checks for FAX or VOICE calls... it's totally useless for non-japanese reading users I fear..

4.3. tvcc (converts wav<>tvc for voice-features of the internal modem)

You can find this prg. on one of the disks, it converts .wav <-> .tvc files. .tvc is the file-format which uses the internal modem with its voice modes. In the tvcc-directory there's also a large text-file which describes all AT-voice-commands of the modem; all in japanese, but you could read and test the AT-commands. Here is my partly translated version: pc110voi.txt

4.4. PS2 (configures the PC110)

This is a prg. to configure the PC110. Type "ps2 ?" from DOS for its command- line-options or "ps2" for its user interface, but this is only usable from an japanese dos-environment. I think the command-line-options are easy to understand (hey, they're really in english ;) ) - however there would be more options in the user-interface, where you could define timeouts for the low/med/high-power modes and some more settings ...

Type "ps2 _@???" and you'll get the "hacker" options of PS2:

Usage : PS2 _@Keyboard Device   Auto | Both
Auto=Use internal _or_ external keyboard; both=Use _both_ keyboards
Usage : PS2 _@Keyboard Response Normal | Long
Usage : PS2 _@Token ring        4Mbps | 16Mbps
Usage : PS2 _@DEFAULT
Usage : PS2 _@CMOS [OR | AND | XOR] [XXH[=YYH]]  (XX=Index, YY=Data)
Usage : PS2 _@BATTery           Standard | Other
Usage : PS2 _@STATus            Auto | Time | Battery
What the LCD should display .. (You can also toggle this with FN+B, cf. "2.3. keyboard and special FN-keystrokes".)
Usage : PS2 _@OFF
Usage : PS2 _@COMB              RS232 | IRda | MIDI | ASK
Usage : PS2 _@LPT               BI | UNI | ECP | EPP
OK, you can change the LPT to "EPP", but don't hope that your parallel ZIP will work with EPP too - it doesn't! It works with 'bi-directional' and won't get more than ~100k/s :-(
Usage : PS2 _@ATA               Primary | Secondary
Usage : PS2 _@IRQClear          Disable | Enable
Usage : PS2 _@PCIC              Disable | Enable
Usage : PS2 _@PCCD3v            Disable | Enable
Play around with the last two settings if you have problems with pcmcia/flash cards.
Usage : PS2 _@FDDPM             Disable | Enable
Usage : PS2 _@FNkey             NO[=YYH]  (NO=Number, YY=Code)
More information about the _@FNkey-command can be found here: http://home.highway.or.jp/digiyama/pc/pt110fnk.html (Thanks to Jason C. Patterson for the link)

Anyone has an idea what COMB, IRQCLEAR does or why someone may use it? => EMail me please ;-)

4.5. The Japanese Windows 3.1J

On the HD supplied with the YDW-model there's a japanese Win3.1 - I'd say: forget it, however you might have to copy some of the drivers to your win3.1 installation! (At least I had to, for example the display drivers and some other, which can also be found on one of the disks..)

4.6. TranXit (IR-Software for Windows)

Also on the HD. Can be started from non-japanese Win, however you cannot read anything :) It's too complex and japanese for any serious usage for us non-japanese I think...

4.7. EasyFax-Lite (Fax-Software for Windows)

Same as above. I suggest you to use e.g. WinFax-lite/light which is also freely available. "Generic class2" as modem works well.

4.8. Other small programmes (inkdrv, lrgptr, ..)

INKDRV :
This is the driver for the memopad. You have to load it if you want to draw on it, this is already done in the original autoexec.bat.
HP2PW :
Found on the Personaware-disk in directory \omake\. It seems you can convert data-files (address/schedule..) from HP-palmtops to the Personaware format.
LRGPTR:
A tool for windows to make the mouse pointer bigger.

4.9. driver (PCMCIA/..., used in config.sys or windows)

From the config.sys for the internal flash....:
\dos\$font.sys
a small driver to use japanese fonts. This is the only driver you have to load if you want to use Personaware from your non-japanese DOS.
\dos\$disp.sys
japanese dos-screen-mode. PS/2 needs this I think, however non-japanese dos-programmes have problems.
\dos\$ias.sys
I don't know, the japanese output prints some "EMS" and "UMB", but what it does...?!
\dos\power.exe
power manager (english)
\ezplay\ssdpcic1.sys
DOS PCMCIA socket services 2.1 Special command switches: /NC0=1 and /NC0=2 to disable one of the both PCMCIA-slots for the pcmcia-drivers.
\ezplay\ibmdoscs.sys
DOS PCMCIA Card services driver 2.10
\ezplay\rmudosat.sys
???
\ezplay\icpmdos.sys
PC card power management driver
\ezplay\pawatas.sys
PCMCIA-ATA/SRAM device driver
\ezplay\autodrv.sys
PC card auto configurator

5. HowTo ...

5.1. install an other (english/national) DOS-Version

For example you can do this by booting off a disk with your dos-version and install it to your PCMCIA-harddisk with the sys- or format-command. There are many ways and it's always the same on every dos-compatible ;). You should have a look at the drivers-sections of this FAQ...

5.2. install windows 3.1 (english/national)

Same as above, however I suggest you copy your win from your other PC (if you have one), compare win.ini and system.ini with the japanese win and copy some needed files from the system-directory of the japanese win back to yours and change the win.ini/system.ini. If you don't have the HD-model, you might have got some disks with special win-drivers for display and/or soundcard.

5.3. install windows 95 (english/national)

From Amandas WWW-homepage:
Hints for Windows / Windows 95 Users

    The PC110's screen uses a Chips & Tech SVGA controller
    chipset. Win95 will automatically detect this and install an
    appropriate driver--you can switch from 640x480x16
    (default resolution) to 640x480x256 in the Display control
    panel. 
    Win95 will auto-detect an ESS488 AudioDrive sound
    card, but it won't work. Remove the driver and install the
    SoundBlaster driver. For Windows 3.1, use "SoundBlaster
    1.5". Haven't gotten the FM music part working under 95
    yet, but the rest of it works nicely. 
    Do not try to install either the PC-DOS PCMCIA drivers
    or the Win95 32-bit drivers. Life gets very complicated,
    and the only power management feature you lose is hard
    drive spindown. I'm still experimenting with this. More
    news as it happens. 
    The internal modem autodetects as a "Standard Modem"
    and supports data at 2400bps, fax at 9600bps. Works great
    with both Microsoft Fax and dialup networking, even if it is
    a bit slow. 
    Haven't figured out how to tell Windows to use the JP
    keyboard layout, so touch typists will have an advantage
    with some of the symbol keys. 
Compare also "6.5. Problems, questions and answers to a Win95-installation", which partly update this section also!

5.4. install linux (english/national)

You don't have to load PCMCIA-driver or take a PCMCIA-kernel if you want to use the HD only. It's a bit tricky to install lilo if you want be able to boot (dos) off the internal flash (wihout the HD) and to boot dos/linux from the HD. I suggest you to use "loadlin", this is much easier.
For X11 you have to take the SVGA-display-driver. From a message from Vaughan Pratt:

X-windows (XFree86) was very easy to configure.  I linked /var/X11R6/bin/X
to /usr/X11/bin/XF86_SVGA, and copied /usr/X11/lib/X11/XF86Config.eg to
/etc/XF86Config, with some minor changes: uncomment the four FontPath
entries and Emulate3Buttons, replace "Microsoft" and "/dev/mouse" with
"PS/2" and "/dev/psaux", and add

        Chipset   "ct65530"
        VideoRam  512

to the generic svga device entry.  (The actual chip is a 65535, which
XFree86 doesn't know about, anyone know what it adds to the 65530?)
Works like a charm.
It's also possible to use 800x600x256 on an external (multisync) monitor with linux, just have a look at the mode-entries and modedb-file!

5.5. install other operating systems

There should also be no problem to install any other OS like OS/2 or GEOS or any of the emulators for the PC (say, C64, Amiga or Psion-Emulator, well, I used all three). You might have a look at the other "install ...." sections for information about the used hardware.

5.6. install the new version (v1.01) of the Personaware software

You can find an update of Personaware on IBMs FTP in the directory: ftp://ftp.ibm.co.jp/pub/aspc/file/othersw/Personaware/v101/pw101/

Start "pw101.exe a:" with a formatted disk in drive A: and answer "Y" twice. Then enter the pin-number of your Personaware software. This is not the No. found on the disk, it's the small number on the right(!) bottom(!) of the license card. Then it will unpack to your floppy. Begin the update with "updatepw c:\pw" (or where you have your Personaware-software installed). On the disk still exists a directory "metpml" now. "updatepw" won't install this (don't know why), so you have to do it by hand. Look at the metpml.txt file how to install these files.

Some things seem to be better, however, I dislike one fact: In the new version the application saves the path of the default-file in the .ini-file! (old: "DataFileName=DEFAULT.ADD" - new: "DataFileName=c:\pw\data\default.add" This is extremely bad if you want to use Personaware when booting off the flash _and_ booting off the HD, 'cause the flash drive is C: in the first case and D: in the second! Maybe a "subst d: c:" in the autoexec.bat of the flash-drive would do the job...)

BTW: There exist also some c-sources and includes from Personaware: http://www.ibm.co.jp/pc/software/pwsrc.html

5.7. change / remove the password

From: belgard@umunhum.stanford.edu (Rich Belgard)

To change a password on the IBM PC110
At the password prompt, type the password, a space, the new password, another space, the new password again, then Enter.

To remove a password on the IBM PC110
At the password prompt, type the password, then a space, then Enter.

5.8. upgrade the internal modem

A post from Adam Lambert to the PC110-mailing-list (Fri, 13 Feb 98)

I will try and write up some directions this weekend. Until then, here are a couple hints I sent to another list member, in case anyone can't wait....(Actually, I'm convinced that the instructions are close to useless. They over-simplify things greatly. )

There are no special instructions (like, for instance, dip switch changes or new wiring) required to install it. If you can disassemble the pc110 enough to remove the current modem, you can replace it with the new one and go. (except for one PS2 _@cmos command, which is in ledgible english in the manual)... but, the hard part is disassembling the pc110... figuring out that took quite a while.. essentially it took us more than 2-1/2 hours to disassemble the pc110... less than 1 hour to put it back together once I knew what to expect... there are many seriously thin ribbon cables, and many little tiny plastic tabs which keep the housing together. and a lot of screws ;-) (I have two extra, and I have no idea where they came from ;-) )

There are four ribbon cables which connect the keyboard to the motherboard in the front; be careful with those... be VERY careful with the right-side mouse bottons.. there are a couple layers of plastic film stuck via adhesive to the aluminium frame.. make sure to remove the LOWEST piece.. it seems like there is an extra stick-em-to-it level, but there isn't... this will make more sense when you get to that point (ie, trying to remove the keyboard) Anyway, the mouse buttons are connected to the motherboard via, yup, you guessed it, another tiny ribbon cable. Make sure to disconnect the front four from their latches, and make sure the mouse buttons are unattached from the frame before attempting to raise the keyboard up.

No matter what, make sure to allocate yourself a good block of time, and do NOT rush. I've been fixing and upgrading computers since 1982, but this little guy is not like any other computer I've had apart. But then again, you already knew that ;-)

(PS -the modem does not come with a reference manual - there is no reference for it's extended command set.. I have been trying for a couple hours different initialization commands - too many permutations to to try randomly! - but I am getting hints from other IBM-type modems... anyway, its a pain to get a v34, ARQ, v42bis,LAPM connection, but I think I've got it working now.. will test it on my trip this weekend)


6. Questions & Answers (Feel free to mail me your questions and/or answers)

6.1. Can I run Personaware from an english/national (MS) DOS?

Yes, you can, however you have to load the $font.sys-device in your config.sys Then you can also run it from within a dos-box under windows. The $font.sys-device doesn't use much RAM, because the japanese fonts are in the ROM.

6.2. How do I get into the BIOS-Setup?

Switch the PC110 on and press and hold the F1-key. Here you can configure the serial ports, boot-sequence, test the boards, ...

And a special hint from Daniel Basterfield:

If you press  whilst in EasySetup Test page, you'll get a little
jingle, then some extra test options that allow you to repetitively test (for
intermittent problems).

6.3 SCSI on the PC110 with PCMCIA?

I bought the "Adaptec SlimSCSI 1460 PCMCIA-to-SCSI-II-Adaptor" and here are my experiences:
  • Don't install the supplied "CardWizzard"-Software, it will detect an IBM but the socketservices won't work.
  • You cannot boot off an SCSI HD.
  • The SCSI HDs aren't available as BIOS-Drives, that means you need adaptecs "fdisk"-replacement "afdisk" and cannot use "permanent swap" under WIN3.1 on a SCSI-HD.
  • After installing the PCMCIA-Drivers (SCSI-HD&CDROM) I have 0k free UMB and only 540k (conv.) RAM left. (And I already have disabled drivers for power- management and some of the IBM-PCMCIA-Drivers (e.g. "pawatas" for ATA-cards).
  • Problems with a parallel ZIP-Drive: When I load the device-driver for the ZIP, I cannot use any Software under Windows that uses "ASPI" (-> adaptecs windows-tools and twain-scanner-driver). I tried several things, tried Iomegas SCSI-Driver but I always get "Couldn't initialize ASPI for Windows" whenever I want to start such a programme then. Now, I have the SCSI-ZIP and no more problems of course..
I connected a Seagate 1 GB HD, a Toshiba 4x CDROM and a Mustek FlatBed-Scanner and after 2 days of config everything works now ;-) (Well, I needed one day to find the problem with the ASPI-for-windows-and-ZIP-problem and another day "fight" with this sh** MS-DOS and HD-Partitions ("I don't want to have 10 devices but I also don't want to format with clustersize >4/8k" and so on). The PC110 boots off the internal flash, loads the PCMCIA-Drivers and that's it. It could make problems if a programme only wants to install on drive C: (as this is the small flash :-) ), but that's the programmers fault... Linux: This is a real problem: There exist kernels with PCMCIA-support, but none of them seems to boot off a SCSI-HD. So you have to boot linux and load the PCMCIA-SCSI-driver first to get to a Linux-Partition on the external HD. It's not a problem if you have a II-III-Adaptor and a PCMCIA-HD (or a flash of course) installed together with the SCSI-adaptor, but if not, you only have the internal 4 MB. No problem to make 2 Partitions here (1-2 MB are enough for dos as you could use stacker to double the space). You could boot linux with "loadlin" from the dos-installation and then find a way to make some 'reassignments' from "/" to your external HD ...

6.4. What about TV/Video capture with PCMCIA? (Nogatech PCMCIA-cards)

It works. And it works very well :) I hadn't expected such a good quality and speed on a 486sx33 and a 640x480x256 color display. (At least if you have a halv/quarter-size monitor on your windows-screen) Nogatech says that the VideoCapture-Card is not compatible with IBM Thinkpads. As it works on the PC110 this is another fact that the PC110 doesn't have the same standard IBM-PCMCIA as the bigger IBM's. However, the Win95-version won't run, because the Win95-PCMCIA-Drivers don't seem to work with the PC110 PCMCIA ... the Win3.1-version works fine however, even with Win95... well, ok, the system often hangs when you close the TV-Window ...

Addendum '98: Though I installed the Win95-32bit-PCMCIA-driver, still no luck with the Win95-version of the Nogatech Software. The TV-window remains white, regardless which gfx-card-configuration in the .INI-file I use...

6.5. Several problems, questions and answers to an installation of Win95

There are thousands of ... at least if you have a SCSI-card like me. If not, there are only some hundreds :-)
Q:
After a complete installation to a PCMCIA-HD you won't be able to boot off the internal flash. This is due to the fact that the Win95-Setup checks all HDs and makes only one bootable.
A:
One solution would be to make a "SYS x:" where x is the actual drive- letter of your internal flash. If you don't want to have a win95 boot here, you should make the SYS-command from a disk with a previous MS-DOS-Version.

Q:
What do I have to do after the successfull installation of Win95?
A:
  • remove the Win95-PCMCIA-Driver. See below for more information concerning PCMCIA-driver!
  • Com1 is not automatically detected, so you have to install it, then you can choose to autodetect the internal modem.
  • Change the settings for the ESS-Audio-Card-Driver (IRQ 5, 220, ..) or remove it and install the Soundblaster driver (you'll miss the volume-icon in the traybar however!)
  • check the hardware section and remove things you don't have (e.g. a Joystick) and maybe install some other drivers/software ...
  • turn the "16 colors" to "256 colors" in the display-settings (you don't have to, but why not?!)
  • configure win95 as you like it...

Q:
What about 32bit Win95-PCMCIA-driver (KING/SmartPC from IBM Japan)?
A:
Ok, now there DO exist a working driver for the PCMCIA-ports of the PC110 which enables win95-software for PCMCIA-cards and hot-swapping of cards (plug&play).
You can find it here: ftp://ftp.ibm.co.jp/pub/pccsvc/other/smartpc/v102/SMARTPC.LZH

Some installation notes: (Thanks to David Eckert (Eckert@m2.people.or.jp) for posting to the mailing-list)

Soft Name: Option Diskette for IBM Smart PC Card Drive ver 1.02
File name:   SMARTPC.LZH
Maker:         IBM Japan Corporation
Prepararion Method:
  1.Decompress the file using LHA
     >LHA E SMARTPC (Enter)
  2.Prepare the disk you want to use as the Option Diskette
     -Use a formatted 1.44MB disk [i.e. put it in the floppy drive]
     >SMARTPC A: (Enter)
Distribution Conditons:[blah blah, same as usual-no selling no modifying, etc.]
============================================
File Introduction

The following programs have been modified.  The "A:\OPTION" [A:/OPTION if
running English DOS] directory means the Option Diskette [i.e.  make sure
that disk is in the drive, not Q-bert or Monkey Island or something;)].

A:\OPTION Directory

SMARTPC.SYS-IR communication function setup driver

PCs that contain certain motherboards experience a system hang [due to the
IR port?  old version of this program?  it's not clear].  Use this file in
your CONFIG.SYS to solve the problem.

A:\OPTION\TYPE1\ Directory

CMD.COM-Self diagnostic Test Code A
DIAGS.COM-Self Diagnostic Test Code B
JP0IR.DGS-IR communications function Test Code
JP0KING.DGS-PCMIA function Test Code

Execute these files to solve the system hang problem PCs with certain motherboards have.

The following programs have been added. [be sure to use the right disk]

A:\OPTION Directory

KING4W95.INF-Orientation file for the Socket Service Driver for Win95
KING4W95.VXD-Socket Service Driver for Win95
README.W95-Information about the orientation and program setup

And here's another installation review from Darryl Strickland (Darryl.Strickland@medcath.com):

Here's what I did to get it working.

1. Enabled PCIC controller with the PS2 program.
2. Downloaded the SMARTPC.LZH file from Web site
3. Expanded SMARTPC.LZH with LHA tool.
4. Run:  SMARTPC A: with formatted floppy in Drive A:
5. Answer 'Y' and Enter at every garbled prompt.
6. The SMARTPC software will burn on the floppy.
7. Run:  Win95
8. Control Panel -> Add Hardware
9. Select PCMCIA Services
10. Click have Disk
11. Load the KING4W95.inf file from the Options Directory.
12. Complete SMARTPC install and install PCCARD 32-bit support.
13. Reboot and it's ready.

Now you have full pccard services under Win95.  The bottom slot is still
controlled by the BIOS.  But the top slot is fully functional for
modems, flash, cflash, scsi cards, and Etc.  It's Great!!!!

Q:
Is it possible to auto-power off the PC110 after Win95-shutdown?
A:
I'm not sure, but it is worth a try, posted by Karl Geng (geng@marcopartners.com) to the PC110-mailing-list:

If you want to make your PC110 behave like IBM's other Thinkpads and switch power off automatically its easy to accomplish. Go into Japanese DOS (from Personaware for instance)
type PS2 _@CMOS
then check on the bottom line in position 9 (its F9 to be exact) - if there is a 10 you don't have it turned on.
To turn it on type: PS2 _@CMOS F9H=11H
that will do the trick.
Now Windows 95 will turn the power of the PC110 off when it exits.

Q:
What about Windows 98 ?
A:
The installation-programme (at least the one reported by beta-testers) checks for a FPU and quits if it cannot find one. (And an 486 _SX_ doesn't have one!) However, it is reported that Win98 runs fine, when you install it on an other PC and then copy the whole to your PC110. The question remains, is it worth the effort? The best solution for me is the old Win95 (not OSR2 !), it needs the least HD space compared to Win95b or even Win98.

6.6. Some notes for using a PCMCIA-HD together with another PCMCIA-card and a TypeII-III-Adaptor.

If you want to use a PCMCIA-HD together with another PCMCIA-card, you have to load the SSDPCIC1.SYS driver with the option /NC0=1 or /NC0=2 to tell which PCMCIA-port shouldn't be used with the driver (Well, you know, the HD is 'installed' as an IDE-Drive from the BIOS, so we don't need a PCMCIA driver here. In fact, if you won't do it, the PCMCIA-drive will just spin down and stop working when you boot off it and it executes the loading of this socket services driver ....

6.7. I have problems with PCMCIA-Flash-Cards. What to do?

From: LLoo@POBoxes.com (Leon Loo)

I've discovered how I could use the PCCD3V switch with the PS2 program on the PC110. I've got a 20mb Sundisk flash ram card which uses a combination of 12 and 5 volts. With the default PS2 settings my PC110 hangs with the flash ram card installed. After I issued the 'PS2 PCCD3V DISABLE' my flash ram card worked!

I've sent this fix to another user and they reported that it worked for them as well but it seemed to disable their suspend mode. Only after the re-enabled the PCCD3V could they get their PC110 to go into suspend.

6.8. What do the error codes mean after booting?

From: Daniel Basterfield (redfive@ibm.net)
Here's what the FRU line would mean if this was a standard ThinkPad:

First, divide the 4-digit code into two two-digit codes. First pair is the first item to
try, second pair is the second item.

Code    FRU
00        no action required
10        System board
11        Processor card
15        Audio card
20        Memory
30        'reserved'
32        External keyboard
33        External mouse
40        LCD assembly (whole lid usually)
45        External display
50        Floppy drive 1 (reseat/reconnect, then replace if necessary)
51        Floppy drive 2 (reseat/reconnect, then replace if necessary) *
60        Hard drive 1
61        Hard drive 2
70        PCMCIA on port replicator *
80        Cellular modem *
81        Internal modem
90        'reserved'

Those I've marked with an asterisk (*) are not relevant to the PC110 - if you get one of
these, ignore it and try the other code of the pair.


7. About this FAQ

7.1. History

v1.0 / 17. May 96:
First release of the FAQ

v1.1 / 02. July 96:
Addendum 1 (Update) to the FAQ v1.0 released

v1.2 / 11. July 96:
Second version and release of the FAQ.
New in v1.2 (to v1.0): Changed in v1.2 (to v1.0):

v1.21 / 25. Aug 96:
Some news & changes, not posted to comp.sys.palmtops but to every user who asked me by email...
New in v1.21 (to v1.2): Changed in v1.21 (to v1.2):

v1.30 / 08. Aug 97:
Finally converted to html, various additions from users and updates
New in v1.30 (to v1.21): Changed in v1.30 (to v1.21):

v1.30b / 08. May 98:
Corrected my English thanks to M. Goepfert

v1.40 / 27. Jun 98:
Another year later, again some additions from various users
New in v1.40 (to v1.30): Changed in v1.40 (to v1.30):

7.2. Thanks to ..

I'd like to say thanks to ...

... all people mentionned in the FAQ for their contributions to it, their web pages, their mails and their software.

... and especially to:

ba2257@fen.baynet.de (Marcus Goepfert) - He corrected my english (FAQ v1.30). I haven't thought I would have made soooo much mistakes, but I have to say I wrote the FAQ not very carefully... :) I hope I made less mistakes in the v1.40's addendums ;-)

.. and of course to IBM, Global Support and T-Zone - I wouldn't have this nice little machine without them ;-)

7.3. How to contact the author

Feel free to enhance this FAQ, ask questions or correct my english :)

... per EMail: ns103@fen.baynet.de
... or better: starli@tirol.com
... per FAX: +43-676-3038643
... my homepage: http://home.pages.de/~starli/

p.s.: *OFFICIAL* This FAQ includes some registered trademarks.
                 I give no warranty for everything in the FAQ to be true, for
                 damage or other problems you could have after reading
                 this FAQ. :-)

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